PCB inspection, sampling, analysis, management, and removal consulting and design
services, including PCB's in building caulks, transformers, transformer light ballasts,
appliances, etc. We also prepare PCB Remediation Plans for submission to the EPA.
Caulk and joint sealant containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was used in several buildings. There is evidence
that many buildings constructed or renovated from 1950 to 1978 may have PCBs at high levels in the caulk around
windows and door frames, between masonry columns and in other masonry building materials. Testing for PCBs in
caulks and other building materials is not required, although we recommend testing of caulkings and sealants to protect
your liability and inordinate construction costs by non-competitive change orders.
We collect samples of window and building joint caulk and sends the samples to an independent chemical analysis
laboratory to determine the presence and concentration of PCBs and whether such caulk is considered PCB bulk
product waste (greater than or equal to (>) 50 ppm). We also sample nearby material (e.g., brick, cinder block, or
We perform inspections to determine the presence of fluorescent Light Ballasts which can contain PCBs or
Di(2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalates (DEHPs). FTL identifies all areas and types of fluorescent light ballasts that are considered
likely to contain PCBs or DEHPs. All unmarked ballasts (e.g., ballasts without the words "No PCBs") are classified
as containing PCBs. All ballasts dated prior to 1991 which are not identified to be PCB-containing are assumed to
PCBs were commonly present in insulating fluids of electrical systems (particularly in fluorescent light ballasts) prior to
1978. Nearly all ballasts manufactured prior to 1979 contain PCBs. In nearly all cases, light ballasts manufactured
after July 1, 1978 are clearly marked "No PCBs" due to the EPA's ban on their use. Since most ballasts contain a date
stamp in the metal base plate, FTL inspects for both the "No PCBs" label and the date stamp to determine whether
ballasts are manufactured after 1978. Unmarked ballasts and ballasts without a date code are classified as PCB
Ballasts. Although the federal government banned the production of PCBs in 1979, many older capacitors and lighting
ballasts may still contain PCBs, a known carcinogen and a regulated hazardous waste when disposed. Massachusetts
hazardous waste regulations require that any waste containing greater than 50 parts per million PCBs must be handled,
stored, transported, treated and disposed of as a hazardous waste. Residues from white goods that are crushed or
shredded with their capacitors intact typically contain some quantity of PCBs, often in excess of 50 parts per million.
DEHP is a listed hazardous substance under federal Superfund laws, and it is a regulated hazardous waste per RCRA
and the U.S. EPA, OSHA, FDA, and at least 12 State and city agencies. DEHP was used extensively to replace PCBs
in ballast capacitors from 1979 until 1991.
Forbes & Wheeler
Forbes Testing Labs